Ampato is a dormant 6,288-metre stratovolcano in the
Andes of southern Peru, about 100 km (60 mi)
northwest of Arequipa. It is part of a 20 km (12 mi)
north-south chain of three major stratovolcanoes,
including the extinct and eroded 6,025 m. Nevado
Hualca Hualca at the northern end and the active
5,976 m cone of Volcán Sabancaya in the middle.
In September 1995, the rapidly retreating glacier near
the summit of Ampato revealed the frozen mummified
body of an Inca girl, killed by a blow to the head about
500 years ago. The mummy, later called the "Ice Maiden" and nicknamed "Juanita", was
recovered by an expedition led by American archaeologist Dr. Johan Reinhard. In October
1995 and December 1997, Reinhard and Peruvian archaeologist Jose Antonio Chavez
directed expeditions that led to the recovery of three further mummies above 5,800 m.
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