Eifel Dauner Maare Location: 50.10 ° N, 6.50° E Elevation: 406 m Google Earth Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar MAAR (Wikipedia) A maar is a broad, low-relief volcanic crater that is caused by a phreatomagmatic eruption, an explosion caused by  groundwater coming into contact with hot lava or magma. A maar characteristically fills with water to form a relatively  shallow crater lake. The name comes from the local Moselle Franconian dialect of Daun, where it is in turn derived from  Latin mare. Maars are shallow, flat-floored craters that scientists interpret as having formed above diatremes as a result  of a violent expansion of magmatic gas or steam; deep erosion of a maar presumably would expose a diatreme. Maars  range in size from 60 to 8,000 m across and from 10 to 200 m deep, and most are commonly filled with water to form  natural lakes. Most maars have low rims composed of a mixture of loose fragments of volcanic rocks and rocks torn  from the walls of the diatreme. HOME 21.08.2003