Eifel Laacher See Eruption Wingertsbergwand Location: 50.39 ° N, 7.28° E Elevation: 290 m The Laacher See volcano forms a volcanic caldera  in the Eifel mountain range. It is part of the area  called "East Eifel volcanic field".The lake lies 259  m above sea level, is 8 km in circumference, and  surrounded by a ring of high hills. The water is  blue, very cold and bitter to the taste. The lake has  no natural outlet. The caldera was formed after the  colossal Laacher See eruption dated to 12,900  years ago. The remaining crust collapsed into the  empty magma chamber below, probably two or  three days after the eruption. With an estimated 6  km³ of magma erupted, this massive eruption had a  VEI of 5. Tephra deposits from the eruption  dammed the Rhine, creating a 140 km2 lake. When  the dam broke, an outburst flood swept  downstream, leaving deposits as far away as Bonn.   The Wingertsbergvulkan is the outbreak center of the two Niedermendiger basalt lava streams  (Niedermendig is a part of the city Mendig). The mountain was originally 322 m high; it has since been  completely diminished. North of the Wingertsberg is the Wingertsbergwand, a wall up to 40 m high. One can  reconstruct on the basis several Tephrasequences that the enormous outbreak of the Laach lake volcano here  is unique. The Wingertsbergwand mountain belongs to the most beautiful and most well-known volcanic  explanations of the Eifel.   The Tephra deposits at the Wingertsberg is typical for so-called Pliniani eruptions - explosive outbreaks  which promote large quantities of volcanic ash. With the rocks in the Wingertsbergwand concerns around  deposits out of glow avalanches and the products of volcanic ashtray gene. The Tephra is particularly in the  lower part richly at large foreign rock inclusions, in particular at basalt in addition, at devonischem  basement. The deposits from glow avalanches are irregularly and fibrously laminated, and show internal structures  which point to a rapid transport. One observes strong, rapidly changing grain size differences, with a general  trend to a finer grain size in the recent deposits. The fine sediments of Tuff in the highest layers represents  still the days after the outbreak raining ash particle.  Google Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar HOME