The Pico do Fogo on the island of Fogo is  the highest peak of the Cape Verde  islands with a height of 2,829 m and after  the Pico del Teide, the second highest in  Atlantic. The central crater of the volcano  reached with a diameter of 500 meters a  depth of 180 meters. The layer volcano  rises 1200 m above the east side of the  Cha das Caldeira , which has a semi-  circular rock basin at an altitude of 1600 m  and 1700 m above the sea represents a  diameter of about 9 km . However, Cha  das Caldeira is not a classical collapse  crater (caldera), it is caused by a huge landslide , after then on the east side the layer  volcanic cone was built up. The south and west of the Chã das Caldeira is dominated of  almost 1000 m high vertical cliffs , the Bordeira de Fogo. After a violent eruption from the  central crater of Pico in 1680 the island " São Filipe ," became the todays name “Fogo”  (Fire) . In the years 1785 , 1799 , 1847 , 1852 , 1857 and 1951, followed further eruptions.  During the last eruption on 2 April 1995 a tributary volcano   (Pico Pequeno 1,950 m) was built at the western flank of the Pico . After the eruption of  the Pico Pequeno large parts of the cultural landscape were destroyed in the Caldeira ,  the 2000 residents were temporarily evacuated. As before the living conditions are simple,  there is no public water and power supply. Burgeoning tourism and a wine cooperative are  the main sources of income . The Pico is part of a nature reserve. For the strenuous, but  not particularly difficult hike to the summit accompanied by a mountain guide prescribed.  On the eastern slopes of the Pico grown inter alia coffee, beans and corn.  Pico do Fogo Location: 14°57'0'' N,  24°21'0'' W Elevation: 2.829 m Rolf Cosar Photo: Joao Pedro Pina Silva Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Joao Pedro Pina Silva Photo: Joao Pedro Pina Silva Photo: Joao Pedro Pina Silva Photo: Joao Pedro Pina Silva HOME Cha das Caldeiras, 28.02.2010