By the 1st century AD, Pompeii was one of a number of towns near the base of the volcano,  Mount Vesuvius. The area had a substantial population, which had grown prosperous from  the region's renowned agricultural fertility. Many of Pompeii's neighboring communities, most  famously Herculaneum, also suffered damage or destruction during the 79 eruption. The  eruption occurred on 24 August AD 79.  multidisciplinary volcanological and bio-  anthropological study of the eruption products and victims, merged with numerical  simulations and experiments, indicates that at Vesuvius and surrounding towns heat was the  main cause of death of people, previously believed to have died by ash suffocation. The  results of the study, published in 2010, show that exposure to at least 250 °C hot pyroclastic  flows at a distance of 10 kilometres from the vent was sufficient to cause instant death, even  if people were sheltered within buildings. The people and buildings of Pompeii were covered  in up to twelve different layers of tephra, in total 25 meters deep, which rained down for  about six hours. Pliny the Younger provided a first-hand account of the eruption of Mount  Vesuvius from his position across the Bay of Naples at Misenum, in a version he wrote 25  years after the event. His uncle, Pliny the Elder died while attempting to rescue stranded victims. As admiral of the fleet, Pliny the Elder had ordered  the ships of the Imperial Navy stationed at MIsenum to cross the bay to assist evacuation attempts. Volcanologists have recognised the importance of  Pliny the Younger's account of the eruption by calling similar events "Plinnian"".The eruption was documented by contemporary historians and is  generally accepted as having started on 24 August 79, relying on one version of the text of Pliny's letter. However the archeological excavations of  Pompeii suggest that the city was buried about three months later. This is supported by another version of the letter, which gives the date of the  eruption as November 23. People buried in the ash appear to have been wearing heavier clothing than the light summer clothes typical of August. The  fresh fruit and vegetables in the shops are typical of October—and conversely the summer fruit typical of August was already being sold in dried, or  conserved form. Wine fermenting jars had been sealed, which would have happened around the end of October. Coins found in the purse of a woman  buried in the ash include one with a fifteenth imperatorial  acclamation among the emperor's titles. These cannot have been minted before the second  week of September. So far there is no definitive theory as to why there should be such an apparent discrepancy. (Wikipedia)   POMPEII                     Location: 40° 45’ N, 14° 29’ E click on pictures to enlarge Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Jannis Cosar Photo: Valentin Kordes Photo: Valentin Kordes Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar Photo: Rolf Cosar HOME Pompeii - 12.October 2016 Photo: Rolf Cosar